Cursos / 1º Ciclo / Faculty of Law :: International Relations

Versao Portuguesa

INTRODUÇÃO AO ESTUDO DO DIREITO - 2017/2018

1º curricular year
Semestralidade: 1st semester
ECTS: 6

Teachers

Leading Teacher: Prof. Doutor José Domingues
Assistant Professor: Prof. Doutor José Domingues

Class type and School hours

Orientação Tutorial : 1 Horas
Teórico-prática : 2 Horas

Main Aims/Objectives

1. Basic concepts and principles;
2. Understanding the structure and systematization of legal system;
3. Developing a critical legal capacity which would enable the study, analysis and resolution of issues.

Specific Aims/Objectives

1. The general idea of Law, the formation and importance in the social order.
2. The law, the formation, structure and systematization.

Skills to be acquired

Apprehension and understanding of basic concepts.
Knowledge and legal technique: to interpret and apply laws.
Acquisition of legal and critical capabilities for the study and resolution of issues.

Teaching Procedures

Lectures: exposure of the syllabus, with the open participation of students.
Classroom practice: resolution of issues, related to the syllabus.
Tutorial classes: support for self-study, discussion and stimulate research, and oral examinations for evaluating knowledge.

Programme

Theme 1: SOCIAL ORDER
1. The men and society
2. The normative orders:
2.1 Religious Order
2.2 Moral Order
2.3 Social Order
2.4 Legal Order

Theme 2: THE LAWS
1. Subjective private rights
1.1 Notion
1.2 Nature
1.3 Modalities
1.4 Classification
1.5 Rights, powers, duties or functional-powers
2. Subjective public rights:
2.1. Definition. A brief historical perspective
2.2 Nature

Theme 3: PURPOSE OF THE LAW
1. Justice
2. Legal certainty
3. Relationship between justice and legal certainty

Theme 4: NATION, STATE AND LAW
1. Nation
2. State
3. State and Law

Theme 5: RULES
1. Notion. Structure
2. Characteristics
3. Classification
4. Sanction
5. Incomplete legal propositions

Theme 6: PUBLIC PROTECTION
1. Notion. A brief historical perspective
2. Modalities
3. State Machine
3.1 Courts
3.2 Public Administration
4. Prosecutor
5. Jurisdiction and Administration

Theme 7: PRIVATE PROTECTION
1. Notion. A brief historical perspective
2. Modalities

Theme 8: SOURCES OF LAW
1. Voluntary Sources
2.1 Law
2.2 Jurisprudence
2.3 Doctrine
2. Non Voluntary Sources
3.1 Costume
3.2 Fundamental principles of law

Topic 9: INTERPRETATION
1. Notion. Determination
2. Modalities
3. Objectives
4. Elements (hermeneutic factors)
5. Results

Theme 10: INTEGRATION
1. Gap
1.1. Definition. Determination
1.2 Types
1.3 Reason. The dogma of the completeness of the legal order
2. Integration
2.1. Definition. Need
2.2. Intra-systematic Processes
2.3 Extra-systematic Processes

Evaluation Type

Evaluation to be defined at tutorial classes. Considering the following elements:
1. Attendance and active participation;
2. Two tests;
3. Oral presentation.

Teaching Resources

Computer hardware;
Software - Power Point.

Keywords

Law
Sources of Law
Legal Rule
Interpretation
Integration
Protection

Main Bibliography

Author JUSTO, A. dos Santos
Title Introdução ao Estudo do Direito
Edition 6ª ed.
Place Coimbra
Editor Coimbra Editora
Year 2012
Author MACHADO, João Baptista
Title Introdução ao Direito e ao Discurso Legitimador
Edition 21ª reimp.
Place Coimbra
Editor Almedina
Year 2013
Author AMARAL, Diogo Freitas do
Title Manual de Introdução ao Direito
Edition Reimpressão
Place Coimbra
Editor Almedina
Year 2012

Complementary Bibliography

Author REALE, Miguel
Title Lições Preliminares de Direito
Edition 27ª ed.
Place Coimbra
Editor Almedina
Year 2012
Author SOUSA, Miguel Teixeira de
Title Introdução ao Direito