Cursos / 1º Ciclo / Faculty of Law :: International Relations

Versao Portuguesa

IDEIAS POLÍTICAS NO MUNDO OCIDENTAL - 2017/2018

1º curricular year
Semestralidade: 2nd semester
ECTS: 6

Teachers

Leading Teacher: Prof. Doutor Manuel Monteiro
Assistant Professor: Drª Susana Ferreira

Class type and School hours

Orientação Tutorial : 1 Horas
Teórico-prática : 2 Horas

Main Aims/Objectives

Knowing the political views that over time if you were stating, understand how human societies have organized and organize is the central objective of this discipline. Through this knowledge we can understand what the meaning of Justice, freedom and security realizing this so that the ends always presuppose the existence of principles, without which human life is devoid of meaning and reason.

Specific Aims/Objectives

1. Understand the evolution of the political thought in the West, from Ancient Greece to the present time, in view of the understanding of the principles that are common to the Western world.

2. Contribute to a solid human formation, based on the development of critical thinking and perception of difference of ideas, as essential assumption a national and international society, fair and free.

Skills to be acquired

- Identification and understanding of main chains of thought politician, in the World Occidental person
- Valuation of the diversity of the Ideas Politics, as distinctive and congregador element of the World Occidental person

Teaching Procedures

The education of this disciplines includes:
- Theoretical-Practical lessons, for the transmission of contents and examples of related and concrete situations related with those contents;
- lessons of Tutorial Orientation in view of helping students to do a correct bibliographical research and to have a correct understanding of the contents

Programme

I PART OLD GREECE AND the CHRISTIAN REVOLUTION
Chapter I the Sprouting of the Ideas Politics 1. What they are Ideias Politics? 1.1. The concept of Ideas Politics 1.2. The distinction enters the concepts of Ideas Politics, Doctrines Politics, Ideologies Politics and Conceptions Politics 1.3. The history of the Ideas Politics 2. The Ideas Politics in Old Greece 2.1. The birth of Democracy 2.1.1. Péricles and the defense of the 2,2 Democracy Platão and first communist ideas 2.3. Aristotle: you polish it, the birth of pluralism politician and the origin of Science Politics.
Chapter II the Christian Thought in Average Age 1. Christianity 1.1. A new conception on the origin and the exercise of the power politician 2. Sto. Augustin, the conception of the man and the power politician 3. S. Tomás de Aquino, the optimista vision of the man and the popular sovereignty
II PART OF the AMORALISMO POLITICIAN TO the CHRISTIAN HUMANISMO
Chapter I the Realism Politician 1. Maquiavel: the sprouting of STATE 1.1. The separate politics of moral 1.2. The substitution of you polish and the respublica, for State 1.3. The power and science modern politics
Chapter II the Limits of the Activity Politics 1. The Christian Humanismo and Politics 2. The reply the Maquiavel: Erasmo and Christian Prince 3. The Utopia of Tomás Morus 3.1. The first utopian socialism
III PART OF the STRONG STATE TO the LIMITED GOVERNMENT
Chapter I the Sovereignty and Absolute State 1. Jean Bodin and the new concept of Sovereignty 2. Thomas Hobbes and the justification of the Authoritarianism
Chapter II the Liberalism and the Distribution of Being able 1. The first liberal ideas: what it is liberalism politician? 2. John Locke: the freedom and the equality of the men. 3. Montesquieu: the distribution of being able and the forms of government
IV PART OF the POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY the NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY
Chapter I 1.O “good man” and the Directa Democracy
Chapter II the National Sovereignty and the Representation Politics 1. Joseph Sieyès: of the “third state” to the idea of Nation 2. The idea of Constitution
V PART the REVOLUTIONS POLITICS
Chapter I American Revolution 1. Origins and Main Ideas
Chapter II French Revolution 1. Origins and Main Ideas
Chapter III Socialist Revolution 1. Socialisms 2. Introduction to the thought of Karl Marx 3. The revisionism of Edward Bernstein
Capítulo IV Communist Revolution 1. The origins of the Russian Revolution and the marxism - leninismo 2. The Chinese Revolution (soon reference) Chapter V the Revolution Fascist and National - Socialism 1. Fascism 2. The National one - Socialism
VI PART The REPLY OF the CHURCH TO LIBERALISM AND the SOCIALISM: The DEMOCRACY - CHRISTIAN
Chapter I “First” the Democracy - Christian
Chapter II “the Second” Democracy - Christian
VII PART the TOTALITARISMOS
Chapter I Of the origins of the Totalitarianism to the Regimes totalitarian
Chapter II Totalitarianism and Democracy 1. The modern heirs of totalitarianism 2. The liberal democracy and the totalitarian manifestations in the democratic State.

Evaluation Type

The continuous evaluation includes: - Presence and participation in the lessons; - Two written tests - Presentation of two written works.

Teaching Resources

Whiteboard
Retroprojector and transparencies Computer/projector/PowerPoint
Jornalistic Articles out of newspapers, magazines and other means.
Mediateca
Library
Internet

Keywords

- Ideas
- Ideologies
- City
- State
- Politics
- Power
- Sovereignty
- Humanism

Main Bibliography

Author MONTEIRO, Manuel
Title Tópicos sobre As Ideias Políticas no Ocidente e a
Edition
Place Lisboa
Editor Universidade Lusíada Editora
Year 2015
Author AMARAL, Diogo Freitas do,
Title História do Pensamento Político Ocidental
Edition Reimpressão da
Place Coimbra
Editor Almedina
Year 2016
Author BANOND, Isabel
Title História das Ideias Políticas
Place Parede
Editor Principia
Year 2014

Complementary Bibliography

Author SABINE, George H.,
Title Historia de la teoria politica
Edition 3ª em espanhol
Place Mexico
Editor Fondo de Cultura Económica
Year 2011
Author PRÉLOT, Marcel, LESCUYER, Georges
Title História das Ideias Políticas (2vols.)
Edition
Place Lisboa
Editor Presença
Year 2001